Dark Ages to Archaic Period
|Dark Age of Greece (1100-700)|
|Proto-Geometric Period (1100-900)|
|End of Mycenaean civilization Lefkandi: Toumba building.||1000 BCE|
|900 BCE||Geometric Period (900-700)|
|First Olympic Games.||776 BCE|
Greek colonies established in Southern Italy and Sicily.
Invention of Greek alphabet.
Homeric poems recorded in writing (750-700).
|750 BCE||Late Geometric (circa 760-700)|
|740 BCE||Orientalizing Period (circa 740-650)|
First Messenian War.
Sparta invades Messenia (730-710).
Naxos founded (734).
Syracuse founded (733).
|700 BCE||Archaic Period (700-480)|
|Earliest Lyric Poets.||650 BCE|
Second Messenian War.
Sparta invades Messenia (640-630).
Cyrene founded (630).
|Sappho born in Lesbos.||630 BCE|
|Thales (625-545) born in Miletos.||625 BCE|
Solon replaces the Draconian law in Athens and lays the foundation for Democracy.
He introduced to Athens the first coinage and a system of weights and measures.
|Pythagoras (ca. 569-475) born in Samos.||569 BCE|
|Pesistratos becomes tyrant of Athens.||546 BCE|
|Pesistratos Dies. His sons become tyrants of Athens.||527 BCE|
|Red-figure pottery developed in Athens.||525 BCE|
Alcmaeonid family and Spartans free Athens from tyranny.
Introduction of Democracy in Athens.
|Kleisthenes begins reforming Athenian code of laws, and establishes a democratic constitution.||508 BCE|
|Ionian revolt.||499 BCE|
|Ionian revolt defeated by Persians.||494 BCE|
|Persian Wars.||497-479 BCE|
Battle of Marathon.
Athenians defeat Darius and his Persian army.
Silver mines discovered near Athens.
Athens begin building naval fleet.
|Aristides ostracized.||482 BCE|
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