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Rhea

Titan goddess of fertility and motherhood

Rhea was the Titan goddess of fertility and motherhood. She was also very gentle and comfortable. Her name actually means "ease" as "at ease" and therefore, that was probably the reason she was interpreted and worshiped as the goddess of comfort and ease. According to some authors, she is described as the supreme mother goddess, just like her mother Gaea was and what later her daughter Hera became.

In Orphic hymn, Rhea was even described as the supreme goddess, mother of all gods and men and it is said that even Uranus and Gaea derived from her. Also according to various authors, Rhea is described as Cybelean goddess whose home was in Phyrgia which means that they are equating her with Cybelle, Anatolian earth goddess.

Back to the mainstream belief, backed by most authors, Rhea was the daughter of Uranus and Gaea and, because she was married to her brother Cronus, she was also the queen of the Cosmos. Together they represented "eternal flow", as they gave birth to new generation of gods who then took control of the world, just like they had done in the past. Therefore she was also identified as the goddess of generations.

Birth of Olympians and plot against Cronus

Rhea was very much like her mother and loved her children unconditionally, but unfortunately Cronus was like his father, jealous of his children's powers and in fear of being overthrown. She became mad when Cronus forced her to give him their children to swallow upon their birth. She started plotting against him and by the time he had swallowed Hestia, Hera, Poseidon, Hades, and Demeter, Rhea decided that enough is enough. She gave birth to her last child Zeus in secrecy and gave Cronus a rock, wrapped in a blanket, to swallow instead. Cronus was pleased, not knowing that Zeus was still out there, and thought he was safe from the prophecy.

In Hesiod's Theogony it is said that Rhea brought infant Zeus to Crete and gave it to Gaea to look after him. Gaea then guided him to the secret cave beneath Mount Aegeum. Zeus was raised there and, when grown up, came to Mount Othrys as a cupbearer and mixed a potion into Cronus' drink which made him to vomit all of his children. Later in a ten-year war, Zeus and Olympians defeated Cronus and the Titans. They became the next rulers, just like Cronus and his brothers had overthrown Uranus. Rhea in the end was the main reason that history repeated itself.

According to Diodorus Siculus, it is said that Poseidon too had escaped the cannibalism of his father and that it was Rhea who had given him to the Telchines to look after him. However, according Pausanias, Rhea had hidden Poseidon among a flock of Lambs when he was next to be swallowed.

The desire of motherhood

Like mentioned in Ovid's Fasti, Rhea was mad and angry because she was often pregnant, but never truly a mother of her children due to the cannibalism of Cronus who ate most of them. Zeus and variously Poseidon on the other hand had to be hidden from Cronus. Therefore, she was mentioned to be often in the company of lions which she nursed and took care of.

The goddess is also said to have helped to nurture the young Dionysus when he was brought to her by Hermes, on the Zeus` orders who had to hid him from jealous and angry Hera. She was also, according to Homeric Hymns to Apollo, involved at the birth of Apollo on the island of Delos. Upon the god`s birth, She, along her sisters Tethys and Theia, washed him with pure clean water and placed him in white garment. And took care of him until Leto recovered.

Other myths

Rhea was also involved in the return of Demeter to Mount Olympus. Demeter in grief and sorrow withdrawn herself from the rest of the gods, when Persephone was abducted. When the two were reunited, Demeter, still in anger of Persephone being bound to the underworld, declined to return. However, Rhea came to Demeter and convinced her that her place is among her brothers and sisters on Mount Olympus. In Nonnus' Dionysiaca, Rhea is also said to had given an Amethyst to Dionysus that protected him from the tyranny of madness when drinking wine.

[1]

Sources

[1] "Greek Gods"




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