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In Greek mythology Olympus was the home of the Twelve Olympian gods of the ancient Greek world.
In myth, Olympus formed after the gods defeated the Titans in the Titan War, and soon the place was inhabited by the gods. It is the setting of many Greek mythical stories.
The Twelve Olympian gods lived in the gorges, where there were also their palaces.
Pantheon (today Mytikas) was their meeting place and theater of their stormy discussions.
The Throne of Zeus (today Stefani) hosted solely him, the leader of the gods. From there he unleashed his thunderbolts, expressing his godly wrath.
The Twelve Olympians included also Hera, Hestia, Demeter, Poseidon, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, Aphrodite, Ares and Hephaestus.
In Iliad Olympus is referred as great, long, brilliant and full of trees.
In Pieria, on Olympus' northern foot, the mythological tradition had placed the nine Muses, patrons of the Fine Arts, daughters of Zeus and the Titanide Mnemosyne:
Calliope (Epic Poetry), Clio (History), Erato (Love Poetry), Euterpe (Music), Melpomene, (Tragedy), Polyhymnia (Hymns), Terpsichore (Dance), Thalia (Comedy) and Urania (Astronomy).
In most of the stories where Mount Olympus is mentioned, Zeus and the other Olympians lived in palaces within the gorges that are prevalent on the mountain. It is here where the lives of the gods and goddesses fell into a rhythm similar to he way mortals lived.
They slept, ate, socialized, and ruled from the mountaintop. Some stories indicate that each of the gods and goddesses had their own palaces. Other accounts indicate that they all lived in a central palace. The following is an overview of the most commonly accepted structure to Mount Olympus.
All the gods and goddesses built their palaces within the gorges.
This is where the gods and goddesses did most of their socializing. It is also where the majority of their heated discussions took place. It is also the highest peak on the mountain.
Also known as the Throne of Zeus, this is where the King of the Gods sat. In the stories, Zeus unleashed his thunderbolts from this seat.
This is the mountain’s northernmost foot and where the nine Muses dwelled. The Muses were the patrons of the art, literature, and science.
PS: The highest point of Mount Olympus is Mytikas (2,917 m).Olympus expands over approximately 500 km2 and covers an essentially circular area with a width of approximately 25 km and a circumference of 80 km.
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