Sparta and Tiasa

In Greek mythology, Sparta (Doric Greek: Σπάρτα, Attic Greek: Σπάρτη) was the ancient Queen of Sparta, which was named in her honour.

She was one of two daughters of King Eurotas of Laconia, with the other being Tiasa.

According to traditions recorded by Pausanias, her father having no male heirs left his kingdom to his brother, Lacedaemon. When he became king, he changed the name of the land and the inhabitants to Lacedaemon and Lacedaemonians respectively, and he founded the City of Sparta, which was named after his wife.

By her husband, she became the mother of Amyclas and Eurydice, wife of King Acrisius of Argos, and the grandmother of Hyacinthus, who was loved by Apollo and Zephyrus, but died during a game of discus due to the latter's jealously.

She was also an ancestor of King Tyndareus of Sparta and his brother Icarius and their children Clytemnestra, Castor, and Penelope.

Sparta was represented on a sacrificial tripod at Amyclae.


In Greek mythology, Tiasa (Ancient Greek: Τίασα) was a Naiad nymph of a river near Amyclae, Sparta. She was a Laconian princess as the daughter of King Eurotas and thus, sister to Sparta.

By the river Tiasa was situated a temple of Cleta and Phaenna, the two Charites recognized in Sparta, which was purported to have been founded by Lacedaemon.


Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.1.2

Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.18.6

Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.1.3

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 1.3.3

Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.1.4

Hesychius of Alexandria s. v. Τίασσα: "Tiassa: a spring in Lacedaemon; according to some a river". A "fountain of Tiassus" is also mentioned in Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 4.139B

Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 3.18.6


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