Xerxes marches on Greece.
Battle of Thermopylae.
Persians burn the Acropolis.
Athens and allies defeat Persian fleet at naval battle of Salamis.
Classical Period (480-323).
Battle of Plataea.
Greeks defeat Persian army.
|Delian league lead by Athens.||477 BCE|
Earthquake in Lakonia.
Helot revolt against Sparta in Messenia.
|Peloponnesian Wars: "First Peloponnesian War".||461-445 BCE|
|Perikles leads Athens through its "Golden Era" (ca. 460-429).||460 BCE|
|Aeschylus produces "the Oresteia" trilogy of tragedies: (Agamemnon, Libation Barers, Eumenides) in Athens.||458 BCE|
|Delian league treasury moved from Delos to Athens.||454 BCE|
|Sophist Protagoras visits Athens.||450 BCE|
Acropolis and other major building projects begin in Athens.
Construction of Parthenon (449-432).
Sophocles produces the tragedy "Ajax".
|Thirty-year peace treaty signed between Athens and Sparta in winter 446/445.||446 BCE|
|Sophocles produces "Antigone" in Athens 430-429.||441 BCE|
|Peloponnesian War (431-404) resumes Euripedes produces "Medea" in Athens.||431 BCE|
|Plague epidemic in Athens.||430 BCE|
|Death of Perikles.||429 BCE|
|Peace of Nicias.||421 BCE|
|Construction of Temple of Athena Nike (420-410).||420 BCE|
|Athenians resume hostilities Spartans defeat Athens at Mantinea.||418 BCE|
|Athens razes Melos.||416 BCE|
Athens expedition to Syracuse.
Alcibiades defects to Sparta.
|Syracuse defeats Athens.||413 BCE|
|Aristophanes produces "Lysistrata".||411 BCE|
Athens surrenders to Sparta.
Thirty tyrants rule Athens.
|Democracy restored in Athens.||403 BCE|
|Trial and execution of Socrates.||399 BCE|
|Plato establishes the Athens Academy.||380 BCE|
|Sparta defeated in Leuctra.||371 BCE|
|Thebes defeats Sparta at Mantinea.||362 BCE|
|Philip II, becomes King of Macedonia.||359 BCE|
Macedonian army defeats Athens and its allies at Chaeronea.
League of Corinth founded.
Phillip II Assassinated.
Alexander the Great becomes king of Macedonia.
|Aristotle founds the Lyceum in Athens.||335 BCE|
|Alexander the Great defeats Persian army at Granicus river in Anatolia.||334 BCE|
|Alexander the Great defeats Persians at Issus.||333 BCE|
|Tyre capitulates to Alexander after siege.||332 BCE|
Alexander invades Egypt.
City of Alexandria founded in Egypt.
Alexander defeats Persians at Gaugamela.
|Alexander's army reaches Bactria (Afghanistan).||329 BCE|
|Alexander marries Roxane (princes of Bactria).||327 BCE|
|Alexander's army reaches India.||326 BCE|
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